Where people survive the most serious crimes against humanity are places where disobedience and resistance are lived.
This site at Londres 38 in the middle of Santiago de Chile was used for incarceration, torture, and murder.
This site at Londres 38 in the middle of Santiago de Chile was used for incarceration, torture, and murder. The fate of many desaparecidos began here – victims of the systematic practice of enforced “disappearance” that the terrorist Chilean state initiated in 1973.
So far it has not been possible to determine exactly how many people were imprisoned here. The names of ninety-six prisoners are known, mostly young, politically committed activists from Chile’s Socialist and Communist Parties and from the Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria. Eighty-three were men, thirteen were women, and two of these women were pregnant.
The dictatorial regime attempted to conceal the activities at this place by changing the house number from 38 to 40, but former prisoners and their family members succeeded in preventing the fate of the people tormented at the site from being erased from the city’s memory.
The "Villa Grimaldi" was rented in 1973 by the Chilean military to bring political opposition to "disappearance".
In 1973, the Chilean military rented the Villa Grimaldi (allegedly by pressuring the owner) in order to set up one of the numerous prisons and torture camps from which political opponents were “disappeared” (i.e. murdered). The prison, which was run by the secret police, was cynically called Terranova.
Some 4,500 prisoners were detained here over the next five years. Of these, 236 were murdered or “disappeared.” In 1978, the torture site was shut down.
When plans were made to build a housing complex on the site in the mid-to-late 1980s, a wave of protests broke out. In cooperation with the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights of Peñalolen and La Reina, the protestors launched a campaign that eventually led to the property being confiscated and opened as a place of remembrance in 1994.
A rose garden commemorates the “disappeared” and murdered women who were arrested because of their opposition to the military dictatorship. Display cases show objects that recall the tortured prisoners’ lives and dreams. One of the most moving inscriptions on the mosaic stones in the garden reads: “Patio de los Abedules. Lugar de celdas y tortura de prisioneros. En este asiento se vivenció solidaridad, lealtad y compañerismo.” (“Patio of birches: site of the detainment and torture of prisoners. Solidarity, loyalty, and camaraderie were experienced here.”)
In 1997, the Parque por la Paz was opened for events that recall and strengthen a culture of respect toward human rights.